Major physical constraints to Shea sustainability, including climate induced variations in rainfall distribution, increased severity and frequency of droughts and soil degradation are a threat to agricultural production and exports as they harm production and provoke volatility in commodity prices. Overall, climate change presents a “threat multiplier” to the Shea value chain, interacting with other non-climate factors characterising the continuum for Shea industry environment economy and society (Plate 1) .
The Shea tree is considered a vulnerable species that is deemed to be more at risk from human practices than climate change. Shea production helps reduce poverty (Plate 3) through exports and increases food security among the population by providing subsistence. At the same time, although it is affected by climate variability and change, the Shea tree has characteristics that make it a resistant crop, while its genetic diversity gives it high spontaneous adaptive capacity and enables domestication (Plate 2).
Shea biopesticide from Shea waste cake is nature bio-control for ecosystem, maintaining soil fertility and biodiversity of flora and fauna (Plate 4). Risk management measures adopted by local stakeholders include those aimed at improving Shea biofertilizer tree conservation and management, as well as soil and water conservation and management (Plate 2).
ARATI institute framework for value chain development and sustainability ( see Figures 1 and 2 below). Shea PADDIS® – Shea Plan , Agribusiness, Development, Design Innovation & Services.
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