The long-term effectiveness of remedial technologies applied will be optimized with restoration techniques (biofertilizer and phytoremediation) for effectiveness and efficiency. Many remedial technologies consist of waste containment approaches which require long term operation and maintenance bioremediation activities using microbial consortia, that is, biological treatment of explosive materials and contaminants. Conceptualizing the PC3R Technology® [Pollution Construct, Remediation (bio), Restoration and Re-use] requires fusion of  biodegradation  science-phytobiomes-materiomics transpose pollutant of concerns interaction with of the microbe–pollutants-soil–microbe-water-pollutants–plant–microbe interface’ to understand the bioavailability for the treatment solutions without residual toxicology or hydrocarbon footprint and the use of treated landscape for ecological services for sustainable development. Three ‘key enabling technologies for the innovation ecosystem for the natural resource management are:


  • Biodegradation science – Microbial inoculants (bioremediation) and microbiomes
  • Phytobiomes – Networks of interactions among plants, their environment, and complex communities of organisms profoundly influence plant and agro-ecosystem health and productivity – restoration/re-use.


Materiomics is the ‘complete’ material system bottom-up design of purpose-specific materials its constituents and structure, properties and processes, function, failure, using biological organisms.